Gazing into an endless pool

Reflecting on things is an important counter balance to taking action. It is important to understanding why we do or did things, as well as the consequences they might have in the future. It is easy to fall into the trap of over-reflecting, just as easy as it is to over-act. I definitely fall into the former camp. I spend too much time reflecting on what I have, or have not done, as well as what I want to do in the future. As a result I don’t get enough done and end up paralysed in thought. It’s a vicious circle, as the more you reflect, the less you get done and the less you get done the more you reflect on why you haven’t got things done.

It’s easy to know you need to take action but difficult to actually do. Being self-aware of these issues is the main start to overcoming them. Often times when you catch yourself not doing anything, even just phrasing your thoughts can lead to better outcomes. Instead of thinking “Why can’t I get this task done?”, a better question might be “What would be the least I can do right now to make a start?”. As well as how you break down tasks. A todo list with an item such as “Build new feature X” would be better replaced with an item like “Spend 1 hour on feature X”.

Life is an endless pool that we could spend forever gazing into, looking for answers. But the truth is that all the answers we seek are not there. They are everywhere, all around us, waiting to be found.

Using Typeahead.js without Bloodhound

A great library for adding typeahead support to your site is Twitter’s Typeahead.js. Even better is the excellent Bloodhound suggestion engine which comes with it. Sometimes though if you’re dealing with a remote suggestion engine like Elasticsearch’s completion suggester you don’t need to run remote results once again through another suggestion engine. Bypassing Bloodhound is as simple as hooking your own source function into your Typeahead definition.


What is street photography

Street photography is perhaps one of the most difficult genres to nail down. Wikipedia defines it as:

Street photography is photography that features the human condition within public places. Street photography does not necessitate the presence of a street or even the urban environment. Though people usually feature directly, street photography might be absent of people and can be an object or environment where the image projects a decidedly human character in facsimile or aesthetic.

What does that exactly mean? I spend a lot of time on the street photography subreddit and the submissions amaze me to no end, because they fall so far of the mark of what I consider a street photograph to be. My suspicion is that many take the name “street photography” in a literal sense that it’s a photo taken on the street.

The way I think of street photography is that in essence it has that “a-ha” moment. That striking instant that makes you question and want to know more about what’s happening in the photo. On the surface they appear to be photos of people going about their daily lives, but they tell a deeper story. Perhaps through juxtaposition or even just by being they way they are which might be out of the ordinary.

Naming service classes in Rails

One of the core ideas of Rails is convention over configurations. Models go in app/models, controllers go in app/controllers and views go in app/views. The danger is that we stick to those conventions no matter what and we end up either with fat controllers, fat models or even worse a mixture of both.

Many times we don’t take enough advantage of Ruby’s object oriented nature and the ability to extract functionality out into separate classes. Doing so can make an entire application easier to extend, understand and test. I have tried approaching this from different angles in different projects and I’ve found that the two main hurdles to getting this right are naming classes and putting them in the right place.

I have experimented with naming such as UserAuthenticator and UserAuthenticationService, and always end up feeling uncomfortable I constantly wonder if the other name is better or if there is a better way entirely. Using agent nouns in class names is considered a code smell, but the more that I think about it the important part is picking a choice and sticking to it. I was looking at the GitLab repository and noticed that they’ve done exactly that, everything is named in a consistent manner. I think many may dislike that but it makes things extremely clear and easier for anyone contributing as to what they should name their classes and where they should put them.

Will VC eat itself

There was a post on TechCrunch a few days ago about the big lie in startups and how you can’t run a startup without lying about a million things. When I really think about all these funded startups it upsets me, mainly because I’ve tried to bootstrap all my endeavours. That does make me sound bitter, and I am if I’m honest about it. If you start a company, get funding and fail you’re still often seen as a winner in people’s eyes where as those that bootstrap a company and fail are just seeing as losers. When did we reach a point where getting VC was the main priority after starting a business? When did we lose sight of actually trying to make money first?

Nginx proxy_pass a folder to WordPress

After a rash of security updates for WordPress, I finally buckled down to move our install of WordPress off to it’s own server. This would be easy if we were running the blog on it’s own domain, but it was actually living under /blog on our main domain for SEO reasons. Running nginx as a reverse proxy to WordPress on a different machine was not an easy task. A lot of guides did not seem to have the information I needed so here are the steps I took to get it working.

Add the proxy_pass definition to your nginx config:

Update your WordPress settings. This is the key to getting your site to work correctly. Leave the WordPress Address as where the site is hosted, but change the Site Address to be where URLs are to be written as linking to

Screenshot 2015-07-27 21.43.38

I also had to add a rewrite to my .htaccess file to remove trailing slashes:

Be warned that the permalinks section will suggest a .htaccess file which has /blog/ as the RewriteBase, but this just sends things into a redirect loop. Leave it as the standard root setting.

Make sure you also check that the canonical tags generated by your theme are correct. You want to be sure that any references on the WordPress Address URL canonicalise to Site Address URLs.

Business Design Principles

Facebook’s Four Business Design Principles is an excellent reference that should be at the core of every business tool.

Help people learn and grow

Balance efficiency and effectiveness

Bring clarity to complexity

Be accurate and predictable

The majority of my time these days is spent writing tools for business as opposed to consumer facing sites and trying to find the balance between ease of use and providing all the elements necessary to complete a task can be very difficult at times. I had not heard of the Goldilocks Principal before but it perfectly summarises this fine balancing act.

With a complex piece of UI, if you don’t simplify it enough, people can’t figure out how to use it. But if you swing too far in the other direction and over-simplify it, you risk dismantling the very value that people are looking to access through the tool.

When immersed in a tool it’s easy to become blind to the experience of actually using it. A good example are the drop down menus on a site I’ve been working on these past few years. Even though we would all use them day to day they were never really given a second thought. It was only after looking into how they were actually performing that it was apparent that they were actually really awful to use. Our own familiarity had caused a massive disconnect between how effective they were to use.


All too often I find that CSS quickly becomes a real tangle of clashing styles and names. No matter how hard I try something always ends up breaking the styles of something else. Moving to SASS helped a lot but I find on the flip side I end up with styling that’s overly nested.

I’ve recently come across BEM which is CSS methodology for naming classes. BEM stands for Blocks, Elements, Modifiers. I’ve previously looked into SMACSS but still found things fell apart (probably because I’m doing it wrong). BEM looks a lot simpler and easier to maintain. A simple example would be the following styling for an article.

I’m not going to go into much detail as there are already some great posts out there on the subject. I still feel like CSS itself is a bit of a broken solution, although I can’t articulate why or what would be a better option.

Your education and your children

I have never let my schooling interfere with my education. – Mark Twain

The following section on this “end of term report” from a teacher to their pupil’s parents managed to rile a few people up:

“Thank you for all the letters of complaint this term. We welcome your feedback. We read them all and act upon them. And then, in the case of the ones that are full of hilarious English misspellings and grammatical howlers, we pin them up in the staffroom with the funny bits picked out in highlighter pen. If you have reason to complain, check your work – especially if you’re writing about the standard of education your child is receiving in my classroom.”

A commenter said that just because someone had a bad education themselves does not mean they can’t want one for their children. Now I don’t have children, but I do believe that educating yourself first is one of the best ways to benefit your children. Just because you’re no longer in school, doesn’t mean your education has to stop. Bad spelling or bad maths doesn’t have to follow you around for the rest of your life. And even if you don’t want to learn, most tools will check spelling and grammar for you.

How can I help my own children when they’re stuck on a question or don’t understand how things work, if I don’t understand it or can’t do it myself.

Who designs car parks?

Riddled with tight gaps and high kerbs they are the often the most anti-car friendly places on earth. I am convinced that the people who design car parks must be sadists.

I have yet to see a car park wall that isn’t covered in different colour streaks from all the mis-judged turns. Why not have sloped kerbs so that you don’t scuff your wheels or bodywork if you misjudge the spacing? Why not give a little bit more space instead of tight turns at every opportunity? You wouldn’t pay to stay at a hotel where they punch and kick you at every chance they get before you reach your room. Why is it acceptable for our cars?